Interesting history of words

Most of us know, every word of our language has a history, origin. So, for example the word “tomato” has a direct translation as “Golden Apple”, and “Cologne” - “Cologne water”. But as has happened other known to us from childhood words, such as “cat”, “dog”, “cow”?

In General, the word “animal” - this old Slavonic word. It, as you know, formed from words “belly” - “life”, meaning its showing the infamous phrase “Without regard for his belly - their lives”. We will begin the study of the origin of words with such, like cat and dog. The word “cat”, according to scientists-linguists, was borrowed from the Latin language, where cattus and catta - the name of the domestic cat, respectively. Also there is an assumption, from this Latin word, educated and English cat, and German Katze, and French chat. The origin of the word dates back to not later than the IV century BC. - it was then that word is recorded in Latin. But the word “dog”, according to scientists-linguists, borrowed from Iranian languages - for example, from the language of the Scythians, have this word looks like “spaka”.

 Next, move from town to village… What is the origin of the words “the village” and “the city”? In ancient times, the Slavs the word “the city” called an enclosure, the fortress, the Kremlin or the fence. And the word “the village” has the divergence at the origin. Some researchers associate this word with “arable land”, allegedly in the villages was only a field, other researchers believe, what “the village” this was a settlement in the woods.

In the village there are many wonderful words. Talk about rustic “fauna”. Let's start with simple and everyday words “horse”, which is borrowed from Turkic languages: “Alasha” meant “horse, gelding”. In Russian this word has become “Losha”, and over time, have attached the suffix -ADI. But in short, Rodnikovoe in meaning with the word “horse” the word “horse”, too Slavic, has no reliable etymology. One of the proposed hypotheses of linguists - borrowing from Celtic languages form *kanko/*konko. If this is true, then “skate” - the older form, than “horse”. Next interesting word “sheep”. In old English it was written as “Boran”. The etymologists consider, what is the word associated with the ancient Indo-European root *bher- “cutting”. Pig is so named for its ability to fertility, root “*su-” matters “to give birth, to produce”. “Cow” - it is a common Slavic word, he has a lot of similar words in other European languages, for example, Latin cornu - horn. The word “cow” can be interpreted as “Horny”. “Bull” - it is a related word “insects”. Both words are onomatopoeic is based on the combination of “would”, “BU”.

About rustic cattle and perhaps you can finish and get away on an attractive and interesting names insects. “Butterfly” has a similarity with the word “Baba” and they are not similar by accident. “Butterfly” - derived from the word “Baba”. Ancient Slavs-the Gentiles believed, that butterflies become deceased ancestors female, especially the witch. Oh yeah, and since we were talking about insects, that is to say, the word “insect” - the literal translation of the Latin insectum (passive participle from insecere - “to do notches”). This name arose in connection with the, what insects have notches, separating one segment from another.

Common on our streets “bird” in the ancient language looked like ptica, with root Pyt-, the ancient meaning of which - “small”. From the root of the word formed by the words “chick”, “Ptah”. Here the vowel y has disappeared from the words, but “potka” (as in the second half of the word “partridge”) - moved to “about”.