THE POLITICAL SYSTEM OF THE USA.
The United States of America is a parliamentary republic. The government is divided into three branches: legislative (the US Congress), executive (the President and his Administration) and judicial (the US Supreme Court).
There are two main political parties in the USA: the Democratic (symbolized by a “donkey”) and the Republican (its symbol is an “elephant”). The US President is both head of states and government. He is elected for a four-year, term. Presidential elections are held every leap year on first Tuesday, following the first Monday in November. The President is assisted by Secretaries who are the heads of the executive departments.
The form of US government is based on the Constitution of September 17,1787, adopted after the War of Independence. In December 1791, the Congress adopted ten amendments so the Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights.
The Congress of the United States is composed of two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate represents the states and the House of represents the population according to its distribution among the states. All states have electoral requirements of the same nature. First of all they are residence requirements.
Through its power over the purse, the US Congress can control much that relates to foreign policy, also it is a governmental body that determines taxation.